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Evaluation of Left Ventricular Volumes and Ejection Fraction from Gated Myocardial Perfusion SPECT Processed with “Myovation Evolution”: Comparison of Three Automated Software Packages using Cardiac Magnetic Resonance as Reference

[ Vol. 14 , Issue. 2 ]

Author(s):

Enrico Calandri*, Francesca Guana, Mirco Pultrone, Stefano Leuzzi, Giovanna Chiorino, Eleonora Soligo, Viviana Frantellizzi, Sonya Gallina, Mauro Liberatore and Giuseppe De Vincentis   Pages 112 - 120 ( 9 )

Abstract:


Background : The development of resolution recovery (RR) algorithms has made it possible to preserve the good quality of cardiac images despite a reduced number of counts during study acquisition.

Objective: Our purpose was to evaluate the performance of three different software packages in the quantification of left ventricular (LV) end-diastolic volume (EDV), end-systolic volume (ESV), and ejection fraction (EF) from gated perfusion SPECT, applying a resolution recovery (RR) algorithm (GE Myovation Evolution), with respect to cardiac MRI (cMRI) as a gold standard.

Methods: We retrospectively enrolled 21 patients, with suspected or known coronary heart disease. Images at rest were reconstructed by filtered back projection (FBP) and by an iterative protocol with the RR algorithm. EDV, ESV, and LVEF were automatically computed employing Quantitative Gated SPECT (QGS), Myometrix (MX), and Corridor 4DM (4DM). Any difference in EDV, ESV, and LVEF calculation between cMRI and the three packages (with FBP and iterative reconstruction with RR) was tested using Wilcoxon or paired t-test, with the assumption of normality assessed using the Shapiro-Wilk test. Agreement between imaging reconstruction algorithms and between gated-SPECT software packages and cMRI was studied with Pearson’s (r) or Spearman’s (R) correlation coefficients and Lin’s concordance correlation coefficient (LCC).

Results: Intra-software evaluation always revealed very strong correlation coefficients (R, r ≥ 0.8) and excellent LCC coefficients (LCC > 0.95), except for the LCC coefficient between MX-FBP and MX-RR in EDV evaluation, nevertheless considered very good (LCC = 0.94). EDV and ESV had significantly lower value when calculated with the RR algorithm with respect to FBP reconstruction in QGS and MX. LVEF estimation did not show significant differences for QGS-FBP, QGS-RR, MX, and 4DM-RR with respect to cMRI.

Conclusion: All reconstruction methods systematically underestimate EDV and ESV, with higher underestimation applying only the RR. No significant differences were observed between 4DM - RR and 4DM-FBP, for each parameter, when the 4DM package was used.

Keywords:

Gated perfusion SPECT, resolution recovery, quantitative gated SPECT, myometrix, corridor 4DM, cardiac magnetic resonance imaging, left ventricular volumes, left ventricular ejection fraction.

Affiliation:

Department of Medicine and Urgency, Nuclear Medicine Unit, Ospedale degli Infermi, Ponderano (BI), Laboratory of Cancer Genomics, Fondazione Edo ed Elvo Tempia, Biella, Department of Medicine and Urgency, Nuclear Medicine Unit, Ospedale degli Infermi, Ponderano (BI), Department of Medicine and Urgency, Unit of Cardiology, Ospedale degli Infermi, Ponderano (BI), Laboratory of Cancer Genomics, Fondazione Edo ed Elvo Tempia, Biella, Department of Medicine and Urgency, Radiology Unit, Ospedale degli Infermi, Ponderano (BI), Department of Radiological Sciences, Oncology and Anatomical Pathology, Nuclear Medicine Unit, “Sapienza” University, Rome, Department of Medicine and Urgency, Nuclear Medicine Unit, Ospedale degli Infermi, Ponderano (BI), Department of Radiological Sciences, Oncology and Anatomical Pathology, Nuclear Medicine Unit, “Sapienza” University, Rome, Department of Radiological Sciences, Oncology and Anatomical Pathology, Nuclear Medicine Unit, “Sapienza” University, Rome



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