Vilde Y. Stenberg, Asta Juzeniene*, Øyvind S. Bruland and Roy H. Larsen Pages 130 - 141 ( 12 )
Background: New treatments combating bone and extraskeletal metastases are needed for patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer. The majority of metastases overexpress prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA), making it an ideal candidate for targeted radionuclide therapy.
Objective: The aim of this study was to test a novel liquid 224Ra/212Pb-generator for the rapid preparation of a dual-alpha targeting solution. Here, PSMA-targeting ligands are labelled with 212Pb in the 224Ra-solution in transient equilibrium with daughter nuclides. Thus, natural bone-seeking 224Ra targeting sclerotic bone metastases and 212Pb-chelated PSMA ligands targeting PSMA-expressing tumour cells are obtained.
Methods: Two PSMA-targeting ligands, the p-SCN-Bn-TCMC-PSMA ligand (NG001), specifically developed for chelating 212Pb, and the most clinically used DOTA-based PSMA-617 were labelled with 212Pb. Radiolabelling and targeting potential were investigated in situ, in vitro (PSMA-positive C4-2 human prostate cancer cells) and in vivo (athymic mice bearing C4-2 xenografts).
Results: NG001 was rapidly labelled with 212Pb (radiochemical purity >94% at concentrations of ≥15 μg/ml) using the liquid 224Ra/212Pb-generator. The high radiochemical purity and stability of [212Pb]Pb- NG001 were demonstrated over 48 hours in the presence of ascorbic acid and albumin. Similar binding abilities of the 212Pb-labelled ligands were observed in C4-2 cells. The PSMA ligands displayed comparable tumour uptake after 2 hours, but NG001 showed a 3.5-fold lower kidney uptake than PSMA- 617. Radium-224 was not chelated and, hence, showed high uptake in bones.
Conclusion: A fast method for the labelling of PSMA ligands with 212Pb in the 224Ra/212Pb-solution was developed. Thus, further in vivo studies with dual tumour targeting by alpha-particles are warranted.
224Ra/212Pb-liquid generator, 212Pb, metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer, NG001, PSMA-617, TCMC, targeted alpha therapy.
Department of Radiation Biology, Institute for Cancer Research, Norwegian Radium Hospital, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Department of Radiation Biology, Institute for Cancer Research, Norwegian Radium Hospital, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Institute for Clinical Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, Nucligen AS, Oslo