Vittorio Briganti, Vincenzo Cuccurullo*, Valentina Berti, Giuseppe D. Di Stasio, Flavia Linguanti, Francesco Mungai and Luigi Mansi Pages 166 - 176 ( 11 )
Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) consist of a relatively rare spectrum of malignancies that can arise from neuroendocrine cells; lung NETs (L-NETs) represent about 25% of primary lung neoplasm and 10% of all carcinoid tumors. Diagnostic algorithm usually takes into consideration chest Xray, contrast-enhanced CT and MRI. Nuclear medicine plays a crucial role in the detection and correct assessment of neoplastic functional status as it provides in vivo metabolic data related to the overexpression of Somatostatin Receptors (SSTRs) and also predicting response to peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT). 111In-Pentreotide (Octreoscan®) is commercially available for imaging of neuroendocrine tumors, their metastases and the management of patients with NETs. More recently, 99mTc-EDDA/HYNIC-TOC(Tektrotyd®) was introduced into the market and its use has been approved for imaging of patients with L-NETs and other SSTR-positive tumors. 99mTc-EDDA/HYNIC-TOC could also represent a good alternative to 68Ga-DOTA-peptides (DOTA-TOC, DOTA-NOC, DOTATATE) in hospitals or centers where PET/CT or 68Ge/68Ga generators are not available. When compared to 111In-Pentetreotide, Tektrotyd® showed slightly higher sensitivity, in the presence of higher imaging quality and lower radiation exposure for patients. Interesting perspectives depending on the kinetic analysis allowed by Tektrotyd® may be obtained in differential diagnosis of non-small cells lung cancer (NSCLC) versus small cells lung cancer (SCLC) and NETs. An interesting perspective could be also associated with a surgery radio-guided by Tektrotyd® in operable lung tumors, including either NETs and NSCLC.
Neuroendocrine tumors, lung, nuclear medicine, PET/CT, diagnostic imaging, somatostatin, 99mTc-EDDA/HYNICTOC.
Nuclear Medicine Unit, AOUC Firenze, Nuclear Medicine Unit, Department of Precision Medicine – Università della Campania “Luigi Vanvitelli”, Napoli, Nuclear Medicine Unit, AOUC Firenze, Nuclear Medicine Unit, Department of Precision Medicine – Università della Campania “Luigi Vanvitelli”, Napoli, Nuclear Medicine Unit, AOUC Firenze, Radiology Unit, AOUC Firenze, Section Health and Development, Interuniversity Research Center for Sustainability (CIRPS), Napoli